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Copyright Dr. Eng. Jan Pająk

Magnocraft: a new concept for a magnetically propelled starship

Part #H: Magnetic coupling of Magnocrafts into flying configurations:

#H1: Magnocraft Connections:

/Translation with DeepL from Polish original, as this has received a newer update in the meantime./

One of the most important attributes of the Magnocraft's propulsors is that they allow for easy and complete control over the magnetic output they produce, the orientation of the magnetic poles, and the direction in which the output is discharged. Thus, independent of their propulsion functions, these propulsors can also be used as coupling devices, thus allowing one vehicle to be easily attached to another without apparently interfering with the flight capabilities of any of them. The forces that link coupled Magnocraft together are formed by the magnetic interactions of their propulsors coming close together as a coupling effect. Thus, practically, Magnocrafts can couple with each other on the same principle as several small magnets can couple with each other forming one larger magnet. Even more interestingly, as described in subsection G3.2. of monograph [1/5], Magnocrafts can merge and disconnect during their flight. Such an easy way of magnetically linking together several Magnocrafts into a flying configuration, coupled with the numerous advantages it provides, causes that linking these vehicles together will be a very common phenomenon.

Thus, observers of these ships on one occasion will see them as single inverted saucer-shaped vehicles, while on another occasion they may note them as spheres, cigars, platforms, crosses, and hundreds of other possible shapes that can be created from several Magnocrafts coupled together. (See figures below). All of these flying Magnocraft configurations can be classified into as many as six distinct classes illustrated in the drawings from Chapter G in Volume 3 of monograph [1/5] and discussed in item #H2. of this page. The three examples of mergers shown below explain the principles of forming such flying mergers. The first two of them (i.e. the sphere and the cigar) belong to class #1 "flying complexes" from item #H2 of this page. In turn, the last example (i.e. a hovering system) belongs to class #4 "carrier platforms" from item #H2 of this page.

One of the more common such flying Magnocraft configurations will probably be the flying cigar shown here in Img.156 (G1c). Such a cigar is formed by inserting the convex top of one vehicle into the concave floor of another, etc. The result is similar to a stack of plates in the kitchen formed one on top of the other. Most importantly, however, such a cigar, as well as all other Magnocraft configurations discussed here, are capable of flying and maneuvering as effectively as a single Magnocraft.

Rys. #H1 (tj. G1(b) z [1/5])

Img.187 (#H1)

Img.187 (#H1) A flying spherical complex coupled from two K3-type Magnocraft. Note that joining together Magnocrafts of a larger type (i.e. types K4 to K10 - see Img.068 (G19) of [1/5]) will form a complex with a more flattened shape.
Rys. #H2 (tj. G1(c) z [1/5])

Img.364 (#H2)

Img.364 (#H2) Side view of the flying complex coupled to six K3-type Magnocraft, called the "posobar cigar."

This complex is formed by depositing the concave base of each vessel onto the convex upper dome of the preceding vessel. The resulting configuration resembles a stack of plates in a kitchen set one on top of the other. The overall dimensions of the K3-type Magnocraft are: D=4.39, H=1.46 meters. Upon landing, the n = 8 side propulsors of these vehicles fire a ring in the soil with a nominal diameter of d = 3.10 meters - see equations (G12), (G16) and (G34) in [1/5].

Rys. #H3 (tj. G6(4) z [1/5])

Img.366 (#H3)

Img.366 (#H3) An example of a so-called "suspended system" or "nose platform," i.e. a configuration formed when several smaller Magnocrafts are suspended under the base of a larger "mothership."

The characteristic feature of this system is that the main propulsor of each suspended Magnocraft is adjacent to the side propulsor of the mothership. The forces that bind all the ships together are formed as a result of mutual attraction between the side propulsors of the mothership and the main propulsors of the ships suspended under it. The figure shows four K3-type Magnocraft suspended under the base of a K5-type Magnocraft (out of a total of eight K3-type ships that can be carried by the sixteen side propulsors of a K5-type mothership).

#H2. Six classes of Magnocraft connections:

From the operation of magnetic forces, everyone knows that any sources of magnetic fields will either attract or repel each other - depending on how they are oriented with respect to each other. Since each Magnocraft's propulsor is just such a source of magnetic field with precisely controllable output and orientation of its poles, these propulsors allow a number of Magnocrafts to couple together in flight to form larger flying configurations. Two different principles of their coupling and uncoupling in flight are explained in subsection G3.2. of volume 3 in [1/5], while they are illustrated in Img.062 (G14) of [1/5]. Below I will illustrate 6 basic classes of such configurations obtained by magnetically coupling a number of Magnocraft in flight, and describe the most important features of each of these classes.

Rys. #H2(a/#1)  Rys. #H2(b/#2)  Rys. #H2(c/#3)
Rys. #H2(d/#4)  Rys. #H2(e/#5)  Rys. #H2(f/#6)

Img.364 (#H4) Here is a summary of the six basic classes of flying Magnocraft configurations. /all 6 images reachable via Img.364/

Img.364 (#H2a): Flying complexes. Examples of these are the spherical complex and the afterglow cigar shown in Img.033 (G1b) and (G1c) of Volume 3 of monograph [1/5], and reproduced in Img.191 (#H2b) and Img.367 (#H2c) above on this page. These are the simplest physical (contact) connections of Magnocrafts that allow their crews to go directly from the deck of one ship to another. Hence in practice they will be used and seen most often. They are obtained when in the combined vehicles:
(a) the main propulsor always confronts another main propulsor, while side propulsors always confront other side propulsors,
(b) all propulsors form only attractive interactions, and
(c) the method of connection ensures permanent contact.

Img.191 (#H2b): Semisimple configurations. Together with the "non-composite configurations" discussed in the next section, these are the easiest to obtain and fastest to carry out Magnocraft mergers. Hence, they will often be used to temporarily merge vehicles previously separated. In these mergers:
(a) the confrontation of the propulsors is the same as in flying complexes (i.e. main to main, side to side),
(b) the attractive interactions are formed only by the main propulsors, while the side propulsors of both merged vehicles repel each other, and
(c) the contact between the vehicles is unstable (i.e. it occurs at the point of contact between two convex spherical canopies). In spite of such unstable contact, the configuration is solid and rigid because the juxtaposition of magnetic attraction and repulsion interactions provides the required stability.

Img.367 (#H2c): ) Konfiguracje niezespolone. In turn, in order to see the computer-generated size comparison by my friend Dominik Myrcik of the same type of coupling of two K5-type Magnocraft with commonly known objects see in Img.365. (This realistic and impressive-looking his computer-generated size comparison is discussed in item #A6.1. of my other website called Portfolio.)

In such "non-composite configurations":
(a) the outlets of all propulsors are confronted as in physical complexes and semisimple configurations (i.e. main to main, side to side),
(b) the nature of the interactions between the individual propulsors is the reverse of the interactions in semisimple configurations, i.e. the main propulsors of the two starplanes repel each other, while the side propulsors attract each other, and
(c) there is no physical contact (touching each other) between the coupled starplanes, so that they are kept apart at a suitable distance from each other. However, the magnetic interactions between the vehicles are so strong and stable that the vehicles maintain a stable and permanent configuration, as if they were one solid object. Note that in these configurations, the outlets from the side propulsors of both vehicles must be connected to each other by columns of highly concentrated magnetic field which intercepts light and hence looks like rectangular "black beams" - for descriptions of these, see subsection G10.4. of monograph [1/5].

Img.196 (#H2d): Support platforms or suspended systems. They are obtained when:
(a) the main propulsor of one vehicle confronts the side propulsor of another vehicle,
(b) all inter-propulsor interactions are attraction, and
(c) the contact is permanent. Such configurations are most favorable when a number of small Magnocraft are to be lifted by a larger mothership. However, they can also be used to link two vehicles of the same type together

Img.198 (#H2e): Flying systems. They allow a huge number of vehicles of the same type (in some circumstances hundreds or even thousands of vehicles) to be coupled together. For these:
(a) the side propulsor of one Magnocraft confronts the side propulsor of another, while their main propulsors do not confront each other at all,
(b) all interactions between the propulsors are attractive, and
(c) the contact is permanent. In flying systems, not only that individual vehicles, but entire flying cigars can be coupled together. In this way, entire flying cities can be formed for interstellar travel. Flying systems are the highest-ranking configurations for Magnocraft of the same type.

Img.204 (#H2f): Flying clusters. (Notice that in 1980s and 1990s masses of such crop circles appeared in fields of England, Poland, New Zealand, and a number of other countries of the world. The formation of these "crop circles" by "flying clusters" of UFOs I explained in detail, among others, in subsections G11.3.2. and V5.1., while illustrated in Img.175 (V3A and V3B) from volumes 3 and 17 of my monograph [1/5]). In turn, the computer-generated appearances of such "flying clusters" and the "crop circles" they generate are shown, amongst others, in Img.138 (#D2) from my web page named Eco cars, and in Img.035 (#F1) from yet another of my pages called Artefacts. Flying clusters are simply a variety of different configurations of coupled Magnocraft and individual vehicles which then link together contactlessly to form a kind of magnetic trains. In flying clusters:
(a) none of the propulsors of a given vehicle or configuration directly confront the propulsors of another clustered vehicle or configuration (i.e. in all configurations and vehicles clustered with each other, the magnetic axes of their propulsors remain parallel to each other and remain at a significant distance from each other),
(b) two subsequent configurations which belong to a given cluster express this in simplified form by attracting to each other with their main propulsors, while repelling from each other with their side propulsors - these repelling side propulsors can also be called "bumper propulsors" (in practice the principles of this attraction and repulsion are slightly more complex - see descriptions from subsection G3.1.6. in monograph [1/5]), and
(c) there is no physical contact between the individual configurations and vehicles forming a given cluster. An example of a typical two-dimensional flying cluster might be the "flying cross" shown above and in part #6 of Img.175 (G6) in monograph [1/5].

In turn, examples of already photographed UFO vehicles coupled into each of the above classes can be seen in volume 14 of my monograph [1/4], as well as on some of my websites, e.g. on UFO proof or Interpretation UFO photographs. In each of the above classes of coupled Magnocrafts, one can distinguish detailed combinations which differ from each other in shape, number of coupled ships, their mutual orientation, etc. In fact, Magnocrafts can form hundreds of the most diverse configurations of this type, each of which is unique and each will look quite different from the other.

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