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Copyright Dr. Eng. Jan Pająk

/translation DeepL/:

Table B1

of the course of time
Direction of the perfection of the drives
brought about by the passage of time
3. Magnetic field drives 3. External energy ? Time machine: 2300 ? ?


2. Field Inertia Telekinetic engine: 2036 telekinetic magnocraft: 2200 ? ?
1. Field force Electric motor: 1836 Magnocraft: ca. 2036 Pulse motor Starship
2. Circulation of the mass 3. inner energy Steam engine: 1769 Jettlecraft: 1939 Flue gas engines: 1867 Rocket: 1942


2. Inertia of the mass Air motor: 1860 Hovercraft: 1959 Newcomen engine: 1712 Propeller: 1903
1. Compressive force Windmill: 1191 Sail: ca. 1390 Vidi's box: 1860 Ballon: 1863
1. Drives with mechanical force circulation 3. Elastizität Inertial drilling machine Catapult Driving force Ball


2. Inertia

Pottery wheel

Combat ram Flywheel Slingshot
1. Force Drive crank Flagpoles Göpel Wheel
Working medium type
Energy source Propulsions Motors of 1 pair (relative movement) Drive from 1 pair (absolute movement) Motors with 2 pairs (relative movement) Drives of 2 pairs (absolute movement) Progress
Technical solution First motor-propulsor pair: energy exchanger separated from the working chamber Second motor drive transducer inside the working chamber).
Cyclicity table, for drives on Earth. It represents a kind of "Mendeleev table", only that instead of chemical elements it applies to propulsion devices. The formulation of this monograph shows that the design of subsequent propulsion devices is subject to the laws of general symmetry, the operation of which allows the transfer (extrapolation) of vital properties between subsequent devices. This, in turn, allows the prediction of operating principles, characteristics, and approximate commissioning dates of thrusters not previously built on Earth. This table was created by placing all working media used to operate subsequent generations of propulsion devices on the vertical axis, while building all possible propulsion devices for a given working medium on the horizontal axis. The working field of this device assigns subsequent types of drive devices to the corresponding medium (i.e. the row of the array) and to the corresponding category of drive devices (i.e. the column of the array).
The mutual arrangement of the subsequent generations of driving means is carried out according to the complexity of the exploited properties of a given factor (i.e., the first generation.
(1) uses only force interactions, the second generation
(2) - Force interactions and inertia, the third generation.
(3) - force interactions, inertia and internal energy). Within each generation, two pairs of twin devices, called motor and drive, are distinguished, which use the same properties of a particular working medium.

It should be noted that in cases where a particular device is built in many embodiments, variants or applications, only the first or most representative version is included in the table (e.g. steam engine, steam turbine or gas turbine use the same properties of the working fluid, thus belong to the same stage of development). Another "Cyclic Table" is shown as Table K1.

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