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Copyright Dr. Eng. Jan PajÄ…k

Img.071/072 (G22ab) A latitudinal thrust force - the formation of this force and the determination of the direction in which it acts.
(a) The principle involved in the creation of a latitudinal thrust force by the magnetic whirl of the Magnocraft. In two points, higher "H" and lower "L", a different density of the environmental magnetic field prevails. This environmental field opposes the rotation of the magnetic whirl. It forms elemental forces of magnetic resistance "TH" and "TL" (TH < TL) which counteract the rotation of the vehicle's field (this resistance can be compared to that posed by the ground to a rotating wheel). The value of these elemental forces is proportional to the local densities of the environmental magnetic field. Therefore their integration along the perimeter of the vehicle's whirl produces the resultant thrust force "P" acting on the Magnocraft, causing its latitudinal flight from east to west or from west to east.
(b) The method called the "rolling sphere rule" for determining the direction in which the Magnocraft is propelled by a particular spin of its magnetic whirl. In this method, the vehicle's whirling magnetic field is replaced by an imaginary sphere which rotates around the vehicle's central axis and whose surface touches the ground. The direction this sphere would roll is also the direction in which a given magnetic whirl propels the Magnocraft. In the illustrated example, the direction of the whirl's spinning would "roll" the imaginary sphere from east to west. Therefore the diagram presents the "solar" magnetic whirl which creates the thrust force "P" that propels the spacecraft in an east-to-west direction.

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