G7.1. Magnetic circuits in the Magnocraft
© Dr. Eng. Jan Pająk

G7.1. Magnetic circuits in the Magnocraft

The term "magnetic circuit" is introduced in this monograph to describe different paths that strands of highly condensed magnetic force lines produced by various Magnocraft's propulsors may follow. The term "magnetic circuits" originates from the analogy of the magnetic force lines to paths of electric currents in conductive wires. In the same way as electric currents produced by a given cell circulate along closed paths (i.e. after leaving from one pole of this cell they always return back to the other pole) the magnetic force lines are also endless, i.e. after leaving one outlet from a propulsor they always return to the opposite outlet of the same propulsor in order to join themselves in the middle of it. The magnetic field force lines that leave a given propulsor tend to group themselves in compact strands, each of which follows a different closed path. The path may pass through the environment and/or another propulsor. Each separate strand that loops (passes) through such a different path is distinguished as a separate magnetic circuit.
The mutually opposite orientation of the magnetic poles in the main magnetic propulsor ("M") in relation to all the side propulsors (U, V, W, X) channels the field of the single Magnocraft into three separate groups of magnetic circuits - see Figure G24. These are called the main ("M") central ("C") and side ("S") circuits. (Notice however from subsection G3.1.6, that if several single Magnocraft couples with one another into more complex flying arrangements, than the number and complexity of magnetic circuits being formed by them is significantly increased.)
- The main magnetic circuits ("M") are formed from that part of the main propulsor's output which is intercepted and bonded by the side propulsors. Therefore the force lines belonging to this group of circuits loop (circulate) through the main and side propulsors. Note that in each Magnocraft there are as many main circuits as the vehicle has operational side propulsors.
- The single central magnetic circuit ("C") is formed from the non-bonded part of the main propulsor's output and therefore apart from the environment, it loops (circulates) only through the twin-chamber capsule of this main propulsor.
- The side magnetic circuits ("S") are formed from the non-bonded parts of the side propulsors' output and they loop (apart from the environment) only through the twin-chamber capsules of these side propulsors.
The paths of the magnetic circuits described above apply only to a single vehicle. When a number of Magnocraft are coupled into various configurations, these paths must be appropriately modified in order to include the propulsors of other vehicles. As was explained in subsection G3.1.6 and illustrated in Figure G13, depending on the shape of a final arrangement, the functions and paths of the same circuits can become drastically different.
The course of the magnetic circuits shown in Figure G24 appears only if the field produced by a given single vehicle is stationary, i.e. does not form a magnetic whirl. When the field begins to whirl, the described course becomes dynamically deformed and the circuits transform themselves into the shapes illustrated in Figure G25. The largest deformation occurs in the central circuit. This is because the environmental magnetic field is stationary and is opposed to the whirling of the force lines of the vehicle's field. The central circuit, which contains the smallest part of the main propulsor's power and whose force lines penetrate the largest volume of space, receives most of this opposing environmental field. Therefore the rotation of its lines is stopped at a certain distance from both ends of the craft, and further out from the vehicle these lines remain stationary. But within this distance the force lines are whirling. The whirling force lines of the central circuit are connected to the stationary part of this same circuit at the two end points of the rotating field's axis. These are called the "slip" points.
It should also be noted that the manoeuvring of the Magnocraft requires changes in the relation between the outputs from the main and side propulsors. Such changes will affect the proportions of magnetic energy engaged within the particular circuits. In general, when the Magnocraft descends (i.e. it creates no lifting force) the central circuit tends to disappear, whereas the side circuits become reinforced - see Figure G25. During ascending the situation is reversed, i.e. the central circuit become very strong, whereas the side ones almost disappear.

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