@ Dr. Ing. Jan Pająk

V5.2. UFO explosion sites
"It was a beautiful evening in the ancient city of Salamis located at the north-eastern coast of Cyprus. After a hot day the air became cool and inviting for outdoor activities. Most citizens were outside enjoying the weather, walking along trading merchandise, or taking an evening swim in the sea. Rapidly the Earth moved. A powerful force threw people into a southern direction. Simultaneously a roaring noise arose as if mother Earth herself cried out with pain. Buildings began to crumble and disintegrate. From nowhere a powerful typhoon appeared which started to peel the surface of the ground. Simultaneously horrified people saw the sea water rising upwards high into the air and falling onto the disintegrating city. Those who were still alive tried to swim, but swirls and rushing water carrying wood debris quickly overcame them. Soon afterwards, the place where just hours before there was a city teaming with life now looked like a huge sea swirl, with giant waves and powerful winds tossing around debris, human bodies, animals. Then darkness fell. Those still alive clinging to pieces of wood had a horrifying time, with water and winds hurling them around in pitch darkness. Finally water withdrew back to the sea. The next morning sparse survivors could not recognize their city. Salamis was completely covered with sand, dirt, debris. No single building remained intact. The only logical thing to do was to move to Famagusta where the damage seemed to be less destructive. During a next few years two further similar floods plagued the already abandoned city. In each of these three subsequent floods, sea water raised so high that waves rolled over the highest peaks of the nearest Three-Finger Mountains. When finally the disasters ceased, Cypriots noted that their island significantly drifted southward from Turkey. Before the floods, Turkey was easily visible from the northern coast of Cyprus, but afterwards the mainland could only be seen after someone climbed to the top of a high mountain."
The above legend describes the destruction of the ancient city of Salamis in Cyprus which, according to another story, became famous from the invention of sausages - in some languages still pronounced "salami" even today. The approximate timing of the disastrous events the legend reports is sometime between 1178 and 1291 AD. The most unusual feature of this legend is that it displays a multilevel coherence with mythology of Maori people native for New Zealand. For example both legends from Cyprus and New Zealand: (1) show a cause-effect relationship, e.g. legends from Cyprus tell of a powerful sea flood which washed out Salamis from the surface of Earth, whereas Maori legends tell of an explosion near Tapanui which moved the Earth thus bringing powerful sea floods and other disasters to the rest of our planet; (2) have a coinciding dating, (3) contain numerous technical details which allow their independent validation. Because New Zealand is located at the opposite side of globe from Cyprus and thus Cypriots could not possibly have any cultural links with Maori people, such close correspondence between old legends of both countries may mean that they describe the same real event. This subsection is to explain the scientific significance of the Earth's motion implied by these legends, and also to present the background information on how the author became involved in this research.
When the author emigrated to New Zealand in 1982, his second job was that of a Polytechnic lecturer in the city of Invercargill. The southern horizon of Invercargill is dominated by high mountains from a small island currently called Stewart Island. Strangely, an old Maori name for this island is "Raki-ura" what means "the glowing sky". The current name was given to this island only in the 19th century after white settlers arrived in New Zealand. Of course, re- naming the island also resulted in the gradual neglecting the old legends that explained the original name, so that now only rarely someone knows them. Thus, when inquiring about the meaning of the original Maori name, the author was surprised to hear the romantic legend as follows.
"Once upon a time, when Stewart Island was still called "Te-Puka-o te-waka-o-Maui", a Maori lady of astonishing beauty was living on it. (The name "Te-Puka-o-te-waka-o-Maui" in Maori language means "the anchor stone of the canoe of Maui", and it refers to the shape of the South Island of New Zealand, which looks like a canoe, while Stewart Island placed near the front of it looks like an anchor stone for this canoe. It is interesting how Maori, who did not know or have maps, could learn these shapes, as without maps the only other way to perceive visually the shape of New Zealand would be to look at this country from space.) Her beauty was so dazzling that the "sons-of-sky" who lived on stars and observed everything as it happened on Earth, could not take their eyes off her. Their commander, a powerful Tamaatea, sometime also called Tamau, fell deeply in love with her and began to visit her regularly in his glowing spaceship called Mata-ura (the meaning of the Maori name "Ta-ma-atea" could be interpreted as "the powerful from space", whereas "Mata-ura" can be translated as "glowing disk"). However, as is usual in life, something stood in the path of complete happiness of the couple. The obstacle was the jealous husband of the beautiful lady, who, predicting the subsequent arrival of "sons-of-sky" took his wife to the South Island of New Zealand and hid her in a cave. When Tamau descended to Earth and learnt that his loved one had been taken away, he erupted into anger and ordered a chase. His spaceship flew eastward to the present township Mataura, scanning the Maori population for his lady whom he could not find there. After the further eastward chase to the present Tapanui he realized his search was fruitless. The anger of defeat and the thirst of revenge were so powerful that the commander blushed with rage and mortification, igniting the whole sky with his mystic fires. The eruption of his anger was so forceful that it moved the Earth, thus causing all seas to free from their shores and to flood surrounding lands. To commemorate the destruction caused by the Tamau's explosion, the island was thereafter called by Maoris as "Te Ura-a-Te Raki-Tamau", which can be translated as "The sky blushed by Tamau". Eventually this long name was shortened to "Raki-ura" (meaning the "glowing sky")."
This was the first of many legends on the so-called "Fires of Tamaatea" (in the Maori language: "Nga Ahi o Tamaatea") which I heard from Maori - native people of New Zealand. All of them describe supernatural fires ignited by a powerful explosion of an extraterrestrial spaceship which supposedly occurred in the medieval New Zealand. Bearing in mind the achievement of the German archaeologist-hobbyist, Heinrich Schliemann, who in 1870 successfully located Troy because of hints from legends presented in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, immediately after learning the first of the Maori myths on the Fires of Tamaatea I volunteered to verify their merit. Ie initiated a search for the centre of this explosion. However, because legends miss vital details, and also because most of the Maori people who tell them do not know where exactly this explosion took place, the search brought first fruit as late as 1987, when - with the active help of his New Zealand friends and acquaintances, I finally managed to locate the position of a huge elliptical crater of the dimensions of around 900x600x130 meters, existing near the township of Tapanui (46E04'S, 169°09'E) in the West Part of the Otago Province of New Zealand - see Figure V4. Because of the vicinity of this township, it is called the "Tapanui Crater". It lies entirely on private property, and its owner is Mr Rex Hellier (Pukeruau, R.D. 1, Gore, New Zealand). According to some legends on the Fires of Tamaatea, this Crater is the actual site where the mysterious explosion of a spaceship took place. Unfortunately the first white settlers arriving to that area declared the Crater to be a huge landslip. Later this declaration, unsupported with evidence, became well established in New Zealand intellectual tradition, and even entered some scientific textbooks. Now it seems to be almost impossible to correct the initial error without inducing undesirable emotional responses.
Close examination of the Tapanui Crater reveals that it is an extremely unusual place. The hill on the western slope of which it is located in Maori language is called "Puke-ruau" ("puke" means "hill", whereas "ruau" means "earthquake or earth-motion" - thus the name of that hill can be interpreted as "the hill that turned/moved/shook the Earth"). The name of the nearest town "Ta-pa-nui" in Maori language means "the huge explosion". Other geographical features in the neighbourhood are named similarly. For example: To-ka-nui = the huge descending fire; Wai-kaka = the area red from heat; Wahi-pa-ahi = The place of the exploding fire; Po-maha-ka = the night of many fires. The shape of the Crater is a mirror reflection of the area of flattened trees in Tunguska, Central Siberia, where a mysterious, 30 megaton explosion of the origin still unestablished officially even today was recorded on 30 June 1908 - see Figure V5. (A number of scientists believe that an extraterrestrial spaceship exploded there.) The Crater's main axis coincides with the course of a local magnetic meridian at the time described by Maori myths, the same as the axis of the Tunguska explosion coincides with the local magnetic meridian in the year of 1908. Everything within it seems to be turbulently magnetised. Local farmers tell stories of tricks being played at random within the Crater on technical equipment, stopping car engines, obstructing the operation of TV and photographic cameras, etc. Soil from the vicinity of the Crater is well known for its deficiency of light- sensitive micro-elements (i.e. selenium, molybdenum, iodine, calcium), suggesting that powerful rays of light probably vaporized these elements away. There is also a mysterious illness recorded around the Crater. Locally it is called Tapanui Flu (the medical name: Myalgic Encephalomyelitis or ME syndrome), and its symptoms include immune deficiency - i.e. a condition that, amongst many others, appears also during radiation-related illnesses. The Crater is also a centre of unusual weather anomalies. Frequently tornados originate there (which in other parts of the New Zealand's South Island are almost unknown). Also rapid local fogs, electrically charged winds, and many other unusual atmospheric phenomena are noted there. There is also one extremely mysterious phenomenon reported by locals to occur in, and around, this Crater, which could be qualified as a new manifestation so-far unknown to science. It takes the form of small, perfectly round spheres of white light, that appear at darkness, glow intensively and fly in an "intelligent" manner. The spheres seem to have the same diameter, equal approximately to that of ping-pong balls. The strangeness of the Tapanui Crater was apparently reported to the first white settlers from this area as local Maori supposedly had a "taboo" imposed on it (although, because of the incompleteness of historic records from that time, the author could not objectively verify this particular fact).
Within the Tapanui Crater and around it, various material evidence can be found which could be interpreted as remains from a powerful explosion. For example the bottom of the Crater is covered with a layer of charcoal and scorched wood, although the first white settlers have not noted any forests in its vicinity. In the Crater magnetized ceramic stones (locally called "china stones" because their properties resemble lumps of porcelain) are piled, sometimes having smoke and wood-splinters melted into their surface. They represent lumps of metamorphic sand compressed, melted on the surface, and shaped into beautiful aerodynamic, golden-coloured sculptures. Some of them are spread outwards from the Crater in a fan-tail manner. A dense line of these stones radiates north-eastward from the Tapanui Crater, via Roxburgh, Alexandra and Cromwell, up to Hokitika around 350 kilometres away. Furthermore, unusual magnetized metallic debris are present in the Crater's area as well. They contain 60% of silicone, 30% of iron, and 10% of aluminium - note that aluminium in pure form does not appear in nature and that Maori people were unable to produce it. The author managed to locate around five pieces of such unusual debris. One looks like a melted car gearbox (it was found in Waikaka and currently is in the Invercargill museum), two other pieces look like parts of a medical instrument (found in the Remarkables near Queenstown, currently in the Geology Museum at Otago University in Dunedin), two further pieces look like melted tools (found near Tapanui; currently in the author's private collection and in the collection of Mr Ken Goldfinch of Dunedin). Locals also claim that the soil around the Crater was literally covered with "golden fleece", i.e. a layer of gold droplets which looked as if they were dispersed from an exploding spaceship or nuclearly fused from other elements by the enormous heat and pressure of this explosion. Actually near the beginning of this century two huge "dredges" worked only about a kilometre from the Crater and extracted most of this gold. In all directions charred remains of trees whose trunks point at the Crater's centre can still be found. Carbon dating of some of these trees indicated that they all died around the time of the Tapanui explosion.
The most important consequence of the Tapanui explosion implied by Maori legends is that it supposed to rotate the Earth's crust (see the name "puke-ruau" which means "the hill that moved/rotated/shook the Earth"). The apparent mechanism of this rotation would be quite complex although it could be explained scientifically. It could be caused by the shifting of magnetic poles of Earth to new positions (e.g. one of these poles would have been shifted to the Tapanui Crater). In turn this would create powerful forces appearing between the Earth's crust and mantle. These forces, acting like the huge spring of a clock inserted between the Earth's crust and mantle, would gradually revolve the crust in a number of slips, as soon as the favourable planetary configuration would occur. Of course, if such a rotation of the crust in fact did occur, consequences of it would include huge "tsunami" waves that flooded sea- coasts positioned towards the direction of the crust's motion (i.e. northern coasts of Europe and southern coasts of Japan and New Zealand), typhoons which would swept the Earth's surface at that time, permanent climatic changes in all continents, etc.
The author realized that if a rotation of the Earth's crust in fact did take place in the effect of the legendary explosion near Tapanui, then some historic records of the mentioned consequences should be present in literature. After preliminary checking, to his astonishment he actually found various historic descriptions which confirm this. For example, soon after the Tapanui explosion took place in 1178 AD, Europe experienced a drastic and permanent climatic change, which in climatologic literature is known under name of "The Little Ice Age". This climatic change displayed a pattern which exactly corresponds to the expected southward rotation of the Earth's crust by about 7E along the meridian passing through Tapanui in New Zealand (169EE). It was also at that time when the warm and thriving Greenland (then the site of a Viking colony) turned into an icy land, freezing to extinction all Vikings there. Furthermore, before the Tapanui explosion the Bering Straight was covered with ice which Eskimo people utilized to freely move between Alaska and Siberia. Soon after the explosion this ice rapidly melted. Also at that time a number of huge "tsunami" waves swept various sea coasts. The author discovered that just such waves drowned around 400,000 people in Schlezwig province of Germany, permanently covering with sea a few towns there. Simultaneously, the Mongolian army of Kublai-Khan which tried to invade Japan, was washed out from the surface of sea by a powerful typhoon and sea waves. To acknowledge this miraculous ally, it was at that time the Japanese coined the term "kamikaze" (meaning "the divine wind"). At the time of Tapanui explosion also a series of powerful sea floods swept southern costs of China, Korea, and Philippines (i.e. in all countries located near the line of greatest crust movements). These sea floods are well recorded in mythology. Examples of myths describing them include: (1) the legend entitled "The Great Flood", published in the book [1V5.2] by Wolfram Eberhard, "Folktales of China", Routledge & Kegan Paul, Ltd., London 1965, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 65-25440, pages 161-173; (2) the legend "The Great Flood" published in the book [2V5.2] by Zong In-Sob, "Folk Tales from Korea", Greenwood Press, New York 1969, SBN 8371-1930-8, pages 16-18; and (3) the whole chapter entitled "The Great Floods" from the book [3V5.2] by F. Landa Jocano, "Myths
and Legends of the Early Filipinos", Phoenix Press, Inc., 315 Quezon Boulevard Extension, Quezon City, Philippines, 1971, Library of Congress Catalog Card No.: 72-156406, which quotes 5 legends describing the same series of powerful sea floods but observed from different islands of Philippines.
The profound changes which the Tapanui explosion inflicted on the world's weather also affected both Americas. They not only terminated the exploration of the New World by Vikings from Greenland and cut Eskimo people from the connection with Siberia via ice, but also induced prolonged droughts and floods which caused the decline of the Aztecs and Incas, the abandoning various lands and settlements, etc.
The rotation of the Earth's crust in 13th century must also have had an impact on towers and buildings existing at that time. Unfortunately few of these old constructions survived to present days, and if so, the damage was probably already repaired or difficult to distinguish from natural deformations caused by the elapse of time. However, one old construction in Europe still exists which survived slanted to our times. This is the famous "Leaning Tower of Pisa" in Italy, the building of which was started in 1174 and finished by 1350. Although what exactly triggered the slanting of this tower is not documented in historic records whereas presently it can only be described in the terms of effects not causes, the leaning definitely began during its construction, i.e. exactly during the span of time when the highest crust movements induced by the Tapanui explosion should take place. Furthermore, the tower leans southwards, i.e. precisely along the line of action of the inertia forces formed by the discussed crust motion.
On the basis of all the above findings the author believes that there is a sufficient evidence for the content of Maori legends on the Tapanui explosion to be considered as a poetic account of the medieval cataclysm which really took place in New Zealand. Some of this evidence (e.g. pure aluminium contained in metallic debris spread around the Tapanui Crater) even seems to confirm the spaceship-side of the myths. Furthermore, the author believes that there is a way of actually proving the merit of these legends. This would be achieved if a "proof for simultaneity" could be obtained from historic records which would document that huge tsunami waves (triggered by the motion of Earth's crust) appeared concurrently in many different parts of the globe. This is because such a simultaneous appearance of these waves would need to be caused by the global crust motion and could not be explained by local weather patterns or earthquakes.
The above realizes the author's astonishment and delight when, after his arrival to Cyprus in 1992, he heard the local legend quoted at the beginning of this subsection. This legend states that also the ancient city of Salamis was flooded by a huge sea-wave (tsunami) around the approximate time when one of the most powerful crust rotations caused by the Tapanui explosion probably took place. It even contains some details (a noticeable southern drifting of Cyprus) which seem to confirm the origin of floods from the Earth's crust motion. If it would be possible to determine from a reliable historic source the exact date and time when the city of Salamis was flooded, and if this date and time would coincide with timing of similar tsunami waves which on 19 November 1274 and on 15 August 1280 drowned the army of Kublai-Khan in the Japanese Sea or which (at the date yet unknown to the author) flooded Schlezwig Diocese in Northern Europe, then the "proof for simultaneity" mentioned before would be obtained. Unfortunately historic research published in English are rather ambiguous and mutually contradictive when discussing the date of Salamis destruction. If there are any records of the sea floods in Cyprus, they probably still wait undiscovered in Arabic or French (Lusignans) archives. In an attempt to seek these records, the author published an appeal together with the hypothesis presented here in a popular North Cyprus periodical but no significant results were obtained so-far. (If anyone reading this subsection comes across relevant historic data, the author would appreciate getting in touch with him.)
Should by any chance the "proof for simultaneity" described before be finally obtained, this would represent a significant step forward in our understanding of medieval history. Cyprus would gain the final solution to the destruction of Salamis. Europe and Japan would
learn the causes of their medieval sea floods. Both Americas would gain explanations for the puzzling decline of their civilizations in 13th century. The rest of the world would obtain a single geological cause behind numerous events and disasters recorded in medieval times. The historians would benefit with evidence that social changes (e.g. medieval decline) and historic events (e.g. the formation of Genghis Khan empire) are super-imposed by environmental and climatic causes.
For scientific exactitude it should be added here that similarly as New Zealand scientists avoid to recognize the evidential value of Maori legends on "Fires of Tamaatea", also the historians researching Cyprus seems to ignore the merit of local legends describing the destruction of Salamis by huge sea floods. The most popular theory states that Salamis was abandoned gradually due to sand sediments in its port. On the other hand even a brief amateur research which the author has managed to complete in his spare time, does in fact reveal various material evidence which seems to confirm the Cyprus legends. For example Lusignan coins found in Salamis at the site known as Cambanopetra and in the area of the Basilica of St. Epiphanius confirm that this city was still occupied at the turn of the 13th century. On the other hand, after the conquer of Acre by Muslims in 1291, Christian crusaders found Salamis already abandoned. Thus the destruction of the city must have occurred rapidly around the same time as the famous wiping out of the Kublai-Khan fleet. Old photographs taken before the beginning of excavations show columns from Salamis Gymnasium lying down parallel to each other, with their tops pointing south and ground parts facing north. This confirms that the first forceful blow came from a southern direction. Many walls of buildings were broken at the upper half of their height documenting that the force of their destruction originated from the flow of fluid (e.g. a powerful sea wave) which acts strongest at the top, as earthquakes tend to break walls at their lowest part. Also the shape of sand dunes from the top of the ruins is typical for sand being deposited by a huge water (sea) swirl, not by wind. There is no sign of extensive fires digesting Salamis which would have broken out in the case of the destruction caused by other means, e.g. an earthquake. Finally famous sculptures placed along the walls of the swimming pool in the Gymnasium were all found grouped in the centre of the room. People familiar with hydromechanics probably realize that this agrees with the powerful flow of water entering the room through the ceiling and displacing sculptures from the walls to group them at the centre.
There is a lot of further details complementing the above descriptions which is impossible to outline in such a short subsection. Furthermore, a similar explosion as that in Tapanui occurred also in Tunguska, Central Siberia in 1908. Therefore readers interested in learning more about both these explosions probably would like to know that the author has written a number of monographs which summarize his findings. The editorial data for the most recent of these monographs are provided under [5], [5p], and [5F].

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