G11.1. Environmental damage caused by the landed Magnocraft of the first generation
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© Dr. Eng. Jan Pająk

G11.1. Environmental damage caused by the landed Magnocraft of the first generation
 

Five major categories of environmental damage could be distinguished in landing sites of Magnocraft of the first generation. These categories can be classified as: (1) magnetic scorching, (2) biological destabilization, (3) changes in level of energy, (4) chemical changes, and (5) mechanical destruction. The primary cause for all of them is the action of a highly concentrated magnetic field that is yielded from the propulsors of a landed vehicle. But some types of damage appear as the effect of an indirect action of this field, e.g. its ability to produce highly aggressive ozone that attacks chemical components of the soil and air. Although real landing sites must incorporate a simultaneous action of a number of effects discussed below, for the clarity of analysis this subsection describes separately each major category of damage.
#1. Magnetic scorching. This is the most dominant type of damage caused by the magnetic circuits of a landed Magnocraft of the first generation. It is caused by magnetic circuits of the landed vehicle. A highly concentrated magnetic field passes under the ground scorching the organic matter that is contained both on the surface as well as underground. The result is similar to that caused by an over-active microwave oven. In the effect, all organic matter (e.g. plants, animals, insects) in the range of the vehicle's magnetic field is cooked (e.g. wood is completely bleached), incinerated, or turned into brown-grey ash. The non-organic matter (e.g. soil) is parched, demineralised and emaciated.
One of the unusual attributes of such magnetic scorching, is that it differs in principle from scorching by a fire or by oxidation. Therefore ashes of the organic matter produced during such magnetic scorching can be burned later with a high intensity (unlike the ashes from a fire). On the other hand, highly flammable materials that display signs of such scorching do not ignite a fire when the scorching occurs.
#2. Biological destabilization. It is one of the most noticeable and long-lasting type of environmental damage resulting from the landing of the Magnocraft. It is caused by the extermination of all micro-organisms from the soil found in the range of the vehicle's magnetic circuits. Thus, within the former Magnocraft's landing sites, all the parasitic micro-organisms that normally would keep the population of mushrooms under control are killed. The biological effect of such extermination is an exact equivalent to that of a thermal sterilization of the compost utilized by mushroom growers. Of course after a vehicle ascends, the mushroom spores present in free air instantly take advantage of such ideal growth conditions and take over the sterilized soil. The biological balance, once so disturbed, is then extremely difficult to restore. Therefore, within the former Magnocraft's landing sites, an explosive growth of mushrooms is observed. In suitable circumstances this growth may last for many decades in the same place. (I estimate that in the case of non-cultivated soil of a low vitality - e.g. such as this existing in the South Island of New Zealand, the natural restoration of a biological balance at the former Magnocraft's landing sites may take even up to 100 years. In more dynamic soils like these from tropical countries, or from cultivated part of Europe, the restoration time will of course be much shorter, and may even decrease to a half of year.) Because such a technologically induced growth of mushrooms must outline the circular pattern of the vehicle's propulsors (see Figures G33, G34 and C1), such rings of mushroom growths usually are known under a folk name of "fairy rings". It is worth to notice that a kind of mushrooms that grow on a given landing can be an indicator of the season in which landing took place. After all, every kind of mushrooms produces spores (seeds) in slightly a different part of year.
It should be stressed here, that in order to biologically destabilize the soil, the Magnocraft must hover in the same place over a period of time that exceeds the so-called "critical time". This critical time is the duration required for the vehicle's magnetic field to completely cook all micro-organisms from the soil. It can be compared to the minimal time needed to cook a particular product in a microwave oven. For the K3 type of Magnocraft I estimate this critical time to exceed at least ten minutes. If a vehicle hovers above a particular landing site shorter than this critical time, then the soil is not destabilized and a long-lasting “fairy ring” is not established in it. Thus all marks left on such a short-duration landing would disappear after only a couple of months.
"Fairy rings" produced by the effect of the Magnocraft's long-duration landings must display a number of unique attributes which are absent in natural mushroom growths. The most important of these attributes, which can be used as identification characteristics of the Magnocraft's landing sites, are listed below:
#2a. Shape. The shape of these landings corresponds exactly to the curve of mutual intersecting between the configuration of vehicle’s magnetic field and surface of the ground. For most typical landings of single vehicles this shape is illustrated in Figures G33 and G34.
#2b. Dimensions. These exactly correspond to the "d" diameters (nominal) of the vehicles that made them. These "d" diameters are the Magnocraft's equivalent to the widths of wheel tracks made by motor cars - see Figures G18 and G20. Thus the nominal diameters "d" of fairy rings, when determined according to the rules described in subsection G11.2.1.1, and then adjusted with appropriate corrective equations, must fulfil the equation (G34) d = D/√2 = (0.5486*2[thoch]K[/ttief])/√2 [meters] and must correspond to the data from column "d" of Table G1. (Corrective equation for the measured diameter "d" takes the form (G36): d = do+di for the case shown in Figure G33a and the form (G37): d = do-da for the case from Figure G33b.) Practically this means that the sizes of subsequent fairy rings after being corrected according to equations from subsection G11.2.1.1 must comprise to the terms of a geometric progression with ratio two, and that these rings repeat the binary progression of the "d" diameters from K3 to K10 types of the Magnocraft. (I.e. every subsequent ring is twice as big as the previous one.) Note that the nominal diameters of the fairy rings depend only on the type of vehicles that produced them, and for the same type they must remain exactly the same independently of: soil conditions; species of mushrooms that populate the landing site; area, country or continent where the sites are found; etc.
#2c. Symmetry towards magnetic meridians. For example, a part of such landings takes shape of ellipses, the long axis of which is directed towards magnetic S-N – see Figure G34.
#2d. The repetitive growth in precisely the same locations year after year for many decades. No slow drifting away, or shape transformations, so typical of natural growths, will be observed.
#2e. Permanency of dimensions. Magnocraft’s landing sites are to remain in exactly the same sizes from year to year. Note that if the rings were to grow naturally they would increase their diameter by not less than about 2 metres each year. However, if one marks diameters of such “fairy rings” through e.g. inserting wooden pegs into the soil, these rings maintain unchanged diameter for many subsequent years.
#2f. Permanency of shape. These landings remain in a perfect circular or elliptical shape, independently of soil, topographic conditions, growth on a slope of hill, or any other conditions that may stimulate a monotropic growth.
#2g. Monopoly of growth. A mushroom spawn in such landings completely takes over of the entire sterilized soil. This is because the natural self-defence mechanisms of this soil are totally destroyed by the magnetic circuits of a landed vehicle. Thus, mushroom spawn completely chokes up every pore of the soil, leaving no air or space for parasites and other micro-organisms that normally would live in this soil. Also, if a surface layer of the affected soil is replaced, the spore will take it over again by attacking from below. Thus such fairy the rings are extremely difficult to remove.
#2h. Reflection of magnetic circuits of the vehicle. The underground distribution of mushroom spawn is such, that it reflects the course of the magnetic circuits of a landed vehicle. This means that inside the soil the pattern formed by spawn must exhibit all the elements characteristic of the Magnocraft's landing site. I.e. it must consist of a central patch formed by the main propulsor, which is surrounded by a ring formed by the side propulsors - see Figure G34.
Moreover such "fairy rings" may sometimes be accompanied by other marks formed during Magnocraft’s landings and described in this subsection, such as: changes in physical or chemical properties of the soil, mechanical destruction – e.g. imprints of the vehicle's legs lying within the circle (if the Magnocraft did not hover just above the ground, but used its legs while landing), and many more.
It should also be noticed, that the biological consequences of fairy rings involve a variety of effects which are strongly dependable on the season of the year. For example in some seasons (e.g. spring) the mushrooms may stimulate a faster growth of grass, in other seasons (e.g. autumn) they may tend to kill the grass. In some conditions mushroom spawn may have the ability to heat the soil (this in turn may cause that such mushroom rings also encourage animals and birds to gather, rest, and warm up on their surfaces).
#3. The increase in energy level. This one causes the damage to all substances affected by the Magnocraft's magnetic field. It is already established that solid matter exposed to the action of an extremely strong magnetic field changes its energy-related properties and begins to behave in a completely different manner. For example such magnetic impact is already utilized commercially for making a concrete stronger than steel, for producing a non-destructible rubber, for growing monocrystals, etc. A saturation of soil with magnetic energy in former Magnocraft's landing sites, must similarly affect the environment, changing the properties of the soil in a way that may last for many years.
The changes in energy level of the soil affected by a landed Magnocraft should be detectable by a number of instruments and techniques. The most simple of these techniques involves the measurement of the electric resistance of the affected soil with an ordinary "ohmmeter" (e.g. through inserting in soil two electrodes/nails in mutual and constant distance of around 0.25 to 1 meter, and subsequent measuring with an ohmmeter the resistance of flow of electric current between these two electrodes). In case of soil on a former Magnocraft’s landing, this resistance should be several times (e.g. 5 to 2 times – depending on the age and the duration of the landing) higher than the resistance of the non-affected identical soil from the close vicinity of this landing site. (Note that ordinary soil that is only naturally overgrown by mushroom spore, while its energy level remains unchanged, must have the electric resistance much smaller than from the same soil which is free of mushrooms.) Similarly, X-ray diffraction techniques should produce results that differ from those for non-affected soil. The increased energy level of the soil must also be manifested through the changes to its inter-particle (surface) tension. This means that the soil from a landing affected by the Magnocraft's field refuses to absorb water. Thus the ordinary measurements of the water absorption capability (or humidity) of such soil must provide results that differ from those of unaffected soil. The action of a turbulent magnetic field on the soil should also alter its magnetic properties (e.g. polarity and the level of magnetization). Thus sensitive magnetometers should indicate anomalies in readings at the Magnocraft's landing sites. Finally, the exposure to a highly concentrated magnetic energy together with the bombardment by air ions may also cause short-term radioactivity of the landing site. This radioactivity should be registrable by various radiometers and radiation detectors.
#4. Chemical changes. These are the next type of damage appearing at the Magnocraft's landing sites. They involve highly complex phenomena occurring in two steps. In the first step, circuits of the vehicle's magnetic field act on the particles of oxygen found in the field's range and transform this oxygen into a highly active ozone. In the second step, the ozone so obtained attacks all substances in the vicinity, producing a mixture of unusual chemical products (usually various salts). Then these chemical products either fill up pores existing within the soil (if the ozone was formed within the soil), or fall down covering the surface of the scorched marks (if the ozone was formed in free air above the ground). Therefore former landing sites of long durations, especially in areas positioned on paths of magnetic circuits, may be covered with various unusual chemical substances, such as salts and various salt solutions. In some cases these substances may also display a high chemical activity (e.g. burn skin of someone is not careful and touches them).
#5. Mechanical destruction. This is the last category of damage caused by a landed Magnocraft. Three forms of destruction originating from the vehicle's magnetic field can be classified into this category, i.e. a) flattening of plants, b) soil compression, and c) soil extraction. In addition to these, mechanical damage can also be caused by various parts of the vehicle which touch the ground (e.g. legs, landing pods, ladders, devices for sampling soil, etc.). But because the damage from such mechanical parts is rather obvious for an outside observer, the elaboration of it here would be unnecessary and so is omitted. Our attention is rather to be concentrated on less understandable mechanical damages that originate from magnetic field, such as:
#5a. Flattening of plants. It can be caused by two different mechanisms. The first and the most characteristic out of these involves the spinning magnetic circuits of a vehicle. Strands of force lines of these spinning circuits are combing vegetation and bending it to the ground like huge spinning brushes. This type of damage appears at sites where the Magnocraft working in the magnetic whirl mode of operation hovered for a very short duration (i.e. shorter than the "critical time") at the height that was lower than the span of the magnetic circuits. In such cases the vehicle's field had insufficient time to scorch the vegetation, but spinning magnetic circuits have exerted enough force to push down every single blade of grass. The strands of force lines of these circuits act like huge combs which brush down thoroughly all vegetation within the circuits' path.
A characteristic attribute of sites formed in such a manner is that all the blades of grass (or crops) are flattened with astonishing precision. They all lie down parallel to each other, perfectly straight and evenly distributed, forming a kind of mirror which reflects the light. If looked at (or photographed) from a distance the site looks as if it is flooded with water. In folklore, such nests of flattened vegetation displaying the above attributes are called "devil circles". In such a manner were formed landings shown in part (b) of Figures G13 and G38, and also on Figure V3.
When magnetic whirls are more intense, vegetation is not only flattened down, but also scorched onto a reddish colour by a plasma whirl that follows the magnetic whirl. In special cases this plasma whirl may even cut down and scorch thick trees that grow on former forestry landings.
The second mechanism of the flattening of the plants is caused solely by the pillar of air that spins around the Magnocraft during the magnetic whirl mode of operation, or by the plasma whirl that surrounds a landed vehicle. This type of damage frequently appears at the sites where a vehicle hovered at a significant height so that its magnetic circuits looped entirely in the air (see Figure G36 and description from subsection G11.2.3). Most frequently it takes the form of a swirling and flattening of chaotic circular nests of grass or crops. In some instances trees can be cut down by a plasma whirl.
#5b. Compression of soil. When a heavy Magnocraft hovers suspended near the ground, the magnetic circuits of this vehicle transmit its weight onto the soil. This in turn must cause the detectable compression of soil within the Magnocraft’s former landing site. Because in addition to such a compression, the soil is scorched, magnetically energetized, and its pores are choked with the mushroom spawn, the soil thus forms a kind of compressed ceramics that becomes almost totally impervious to water, air, micro-organisms, etc.
#5c. Soil extraction. It occurs when the vehicle's magnetic circuits rapidly pull up the material enveloped by them. Because these circuits simultaneously magnetize and ionise the material they act upon, they are able to extract it from the surrounding soil and lift it into the air. A perfect example of such a mechanical extraction of soil would be the case where a Magnocraft, hovering motionless with its magnetic circuits looped under the ground (see part “c” in Figure G33), rapidly initiates a very fast ascent. In the throbbing mode of operation, such a rapid ascent would cause lumps of soil contained within the magnetic circuits to be extracted, pulled away and dropped in other areas. In the magnetic whirl mode of operation, the entire cylinder-shaped volume of ground placed within the spinning magnetic circuits may be cut out from its surroundings and transported to another place. Notice that during slow ascents of the Magnocraft this kind of damage will not occur.
Quite a unique type of cutting soil on areas of Magnocraft’s landings are “rotations”. These are formed most frequently on slopes of hills. They depend mainly on angular rotating of a circular disk of soil that is cut off from the rest of the ground by spinning circuits of the Magnocraft. But the disk of this oil is NOT displaced physically into another location (i.e. only rotated/slanted while remaining in the original location). The result looks quite similar to angular rotation of soil that surrounds roots of a tree which collapsed. The only difference is that no tree is going to be present in such soil rotated by the Magnocraft, and also that the rotated soil has a very regular shape (i.e. the shape of almost perfect circle or ellipsis). Although this type of carving through the soil is to appear relatively frequent, people who encounter it are not going to notice it, because they will believe that it is caused by some “natural” phenomena – e.g. by angular slip of the soil that lies on slope of a hill.
It is worth mentioning that the rapid ascent of a Magnocraft that hovered just above a water reservoir would cause the extraction of water as well. The principles involved here are similar to those for the extraction of soil. Therefore eye-witnesses may sometimes see this vehicle departing into space with huge balloons of water attached to the underneath of it (one can imagine what kind of speculations this would induce in witnesses who are unaware of the principles explained here).
Independently from extracting water, Magnocraft that leave Earth’s atmosphere in a magnetic whirl mode of operation are going to ionise and thus also “glue” to their casings huge air bubbles. These bubbles will be then carried out far into the space, where they gradually disperse. Until the time of such dispersion that will be the source of the same ionic pictures of a whirl, as these that Magnocraft create during flights in the Earth’s atmosphere. It is because of the existence of such bubbles of air that are glued to the surface of all vehicles that fly on Magnocraft’s principles, that the photograph shown in Figure P29 could be taken. 
It is worth to notice that during slow ascends of Magnocraft, the extraction of soil, water, or air, described here, is not going to appear.

=> G11.1.
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