G11. Landing sites of the Magnocraft
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© Dr. Eng. Jan Pająk

G11. Landing sites of the Magnocraft

When propelling devices of a vehicle contact the solid ground, they must leave recognizable marks. For example, the wheels of a car leave rather characteristic tracks, whereas a hovercraft produces a band of swirled and flattened vegetation. The Magnocraft's propulsion utilizes a very powerful magnetic field which is capable of cooking the soil in a manner similar to that utilized in microwave ovens. Therefore when the Magnocraft lands, its propulsors, which still arte working, must also scorch on the ground a number of distinctive marks. These marks can provide vital information about the vehicle which produced them. This is because they reflect the type of vehicle, its orientation, configuration in which it arrived, mode of operation, etc. To enable the correct interpretation of such marks, subsections that follow are devoted to the description of the main attributes of the Magnocraft's landing sites.
At this point it is worth to explain more exactly what we understand in this monograph by the term Magnocraft’s "landing". This is because our present popular understanding of the term "landing" is inspired by the operation of helicopters and passenger aeroplanes. These machines lead us to believe, that if a flying vehicle lands, the burning of its fuel must be shut down and its propulsion system must go into a dead, passive state. However the principles of the Magnocraft's flight are completely different from the operation of present helicopters or passenger jets. Out of all flying machines constructed on Earth so-far, only balloons or airships have the principle of flight slightly similar to those of Magnocraft. Therefore, when applying the term "landing" to the Magnocraft, consideration must be given to the fact that this vehicle does not dissipate its energy resources during motionless hovering. Therefore, the Magnocraft's landing more involves hovering close to the ground (with its propulsion still remaining operational) so that its crew and passengers are able to leave or enter the deck, rather than an actual "sitting" on the ground and extinguishing of its propelling field. During such a "landing" Magnocraft’s propulsors are going to remain operational all the time and are still going to produce appropriate lifting force. Thus by the term "Magnocraft’s landing" we should understand a temporary approach of this vehicle to surface of the ground, combined with the motionless hovering, while the propulsion system of the vehicle remains active and generates the destructive magnetic field. Only in extremely rare situations (e.g. when damaged propelling devices are being repaired) a Magnocraft’s landing is to involve actual “sitting” of this vehicle on surface of the ground combined with the complete extinguishing magnetic field that it generates.

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From the point of view of principles used for controlling the vehicle during a given
hovering close to the ground, Magnocraft’s landings can be subdivided into two basic classes, namely "parking" and "manual hovering". Let us now discuss characteristic attributes each one of these.
- During parking, Magnocraft is maintained on a constant height above the ground by the automatic pilot. So it can be left in a given hovering position for any length of time, while theoretically speaking the entire crew could leave the deck (but because of the requirements of safety, usually inside of the vehicle at least one crew member must remain). The automatic pilot controls the height above surface of the ground through the analysis of the resistance that the environment poses to the flow of magnetic field within vehicle’s magnetic circuits. Thus parking always is going to take place for the height of hovering above the surface of the ground at which one of vehicle’s magnetic circuits touches surface of the ground with returning part of the loop – as shown in part (a) of Figure G35. The automatic pilot keeps checking the fact of touching the ground by this returning part of the circuit by small waving, means by regular lifting up and lowering down the vehicle. In the effect of this waving, the magnetic circuit controlled by the automatic pilot is going to display changes in flow of magnetic energy that are proportional to the changes of magnetic resistance of the environment. This means that the resistance to the flow of magnetic energy is going to increase when the looping part of a given magnetic circuit is going to penetrate under the ground, and is going to decrease when the looping part of the magnetic circuit is lifted up and emerges from the underground. The automatic pilot is going to maintain the vehicle within two border heights, the waving of
the Magnocraft between which is going to change the resistance of the flow of field in a given (controlled) magnetic circuit of the vehicle. When only this resistance stops to change, the automatic pilot reverses the direction of the wavy motion of the vehicle into an opposite one. In this manner the vehicle is going to behave as if it is "parked" through making it sit on an invisible loop of its magnetic circuit.
In some circumstances, e.g. when the vehicle hovers above an uneven ground, such a dynamic checking of the resistance of magnetic flow can be carried out within several such magnetic circuits at the same time. This reassures that none side of the vehicle accidentally hits the ground.
Because of the fact of this dynamic checking of the flow of magnetic field within a selected magnetic circuit, for an outside observer the fact of parking of a Magnocraft is going to be easily noticeable from this small wavy motion that the vehicle is going to display - as if it waves on an invisible water waves. Because for checking the distance from the ground a sensor of the flow of magnetic field placed in any propulsor of the Magnocraft can be used, such parking is possible on practically every magnetic circuit that this vehicle has. This in turn means that the Magnocraft can be parked either on (1) the central magnetic circuit, or (2) any of the main magnetic circuits, or (3) any of the side magnetic circuits. The result is that the Magnocraft can be parked on one out of three different heights above the ground, which corresponds to the distance from a returning point in a given magnetic circuit that was chosen for measurements of the magnetic resistance.
- During “manual hovering” the Magnocraft approaches surface of the ground at the distance controlled by the pilot, and than stays there hovering motionlessly in the effect of continuous observation and control carried out personally by the pilot. Thus such “manual hovering” from the point of view of principle of controlling it, is similar to the low hovering of present helicopters, i.e. the pilot must control the vehicle all the time and is not allowed to leave the deck. During such manual hovering the Magnocraft is to stand almost still, i.e. is NOT going to display this characteristic waving which is so unique for the parking. But because of the potential for something to absorb the attention of the pilot , and also because of the availability of the easier and less laborious version of landing which depends on the parking of this vehicle, such manual hovering is going to be used only in rare and justified cases (e.g. when the crew of this vehicle wishes to have a closer look at a selected object that is located at a given height above the ground, or when one of crew members wishes to jump directly from the deck of this vehicle onto a window of someone’s flat).
For the outside observer at first glance both above manners of landing may look very similar. This is because in both cases the vehicle is to stop in mid-air and remain hovering for the duration of a given landing. However, there is several details which differentiate these two manners of landing. The first of these is this small wavy motion which is only displayed during the parking, and which is replaced by almost still standing during the manual hovering. The second detail is the height at which the vehicle hovers. During the parking it may hover only at one amongst three strictly defined heights which correspond to the location of returning part in one of vehicle’s magnetic circuits. In turn during manual hovering the height above the ground can be any possible that the pilot chooses. The third detail is slightly different shape of marks burned in the soil by magnetic circuits of the landed vehicle.
There are three different manners of parking a landed Magnocraft. For each of these manners, at least one selected magnetic circuit of the vehicle must have the returning path running along the surface of the ground. An example of one of such positions of the magnetic circuit along surface of the ground is illustrated in part (a) of Figure G35. Such a returning magnetic circuit can be either the central circuit “C”, or a selected main circuit “M”, or one out of side circuits “S” – for details see Figure G24. Here are these three manners of parking:
#1. Parking on the central circuit “C”. This manner of parking of a landed Magnocraft keeps the vehicle on the highest possible height above the ground. It depends on controlling the height of the vehicle by measurement of the resistance of magnetic field circulation in the central magnetic circuit “C”. Thus during the implementation of such a landing the Magnocraft approaches the ground at the height so selected, that the central circuit is touching surface of the ground by the back of the returning loop.
#2. Parking on the main circuit “M”. This is the most frequently used manner of parking at a medium height above the ground. It could be called “anchored”. It depends on positioning either one, or several (chosen by the pilot), main circuits “M” of the vehicle, in such a manner that the returning paths of their looping magnetic circuits are tangential to surface of the ground. Through subsequent measurement of the resistance of flow of magnetic energy in this circuit, the log computer is able to determine precisely and keep on the constant value the mutual distance between the vehicle and soil. Such “anchoring” is shown in Figure G35. It can be understand better from analyses of part “a” in Figure G33, only that the Magnocraft is going to hover slightly higher than it is shown on this Figure. In the case of such anchoring, the Magnocraft hovers above the ground on the height "hm" which is equal to the span of main magnetic circuits “M”. Just in order to give the reader an idea as to how much it is, I estimate that for this manner of parking of the Magnocraft type K3, the height of hovering of the vehicle above the ground is going to be around 12 meters. For Magnocraft of bigger types this height is going to increase appropriately.
#3. Parking with the side circuit “S”. This is the lowest to the ground manner of parking of a landed Magnocraft. It could be called squatting. It depends on checking the height of the vehicle through measurement of the resistance of the flow of magnetic energy in one (or several) side magnetic circuits “S”. Thus, during this landing the Magnocraft approaches the ground at height "hs" (see part “b” in Figure G33), so that its side magnetic circuit checked by the log-computer is touching the ground with the edge of the returning loop. In spite that this is the closest to the ground manner of parking, still the Magnocraft of K3 type is distant in it from the ground by around 2 meters, while Magnocraft of greater types are distant by even higher values.
Because both manners of landing (means parking and manual hovering) are going to produce slightly different marks left on the surface of the ground, thus from the appearance of these marks it is possible to recognize which of these manners of landing just took place. Such distinctive landing marks are going to be discussed in next subsections.

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