FB2. Senator McCain promised to award 300 millions dollars to...
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© Dr. Eng. Jan Pająk

FB2. Senator McCain promised to award 300 millions dollars to the inventor of the energy accumulator that displays attributes of the Oscillatory Chamber

 
The presidential candidate of 2008 in the USA, Senator John McCain, on Tuesday 24 June 2008 publicly promised that he is to award a prize of 300 millions USA dollars to this inventor who invents the beneficial for the natural environment accumulator of energy of a new generation, applicable for propelling cars. His promise was immediately announced throughout the world. Already the next day it was repeated by almost all television news in the world, and by a number of newspapers. For example, in New Zealand it was published in the article "McCain offers $394m for greener car battery", from page B1 of New Zealand newspaper “The Dominion Post”, issue dated on Wednesday, June 25, 2008. In the next week this promise was commented in the article "Bravo to those extending the knowledge frontiers" from page B5 of the New Zealand newspaper “The Dominion Post”, issue dated on Tuesday, July 1, 2008.
The Oscillatory Chamber described in this monograph displays all the attributes of the “car battery” at the development of which the grand of Senator McCain would be aimed.
Of course, at the time of announcement, this promise of Senator McCain has the value mainly as a moral (i.e. not financial) support for research and development on the Oscillatory Chamber. After all, as for now it is still just a promise, not the actual reward. On the other hand, even just being a promise only, still it has a huge value as an emphasis of the weight and urgency of the technical implementation of the Oscillatory Chamber’s idea. This is because it realises to everyone that the development of situation with crude oil deposits on the Earth unavoidably leads to the situation that one day the "Oscillatory Chamber" becomes an absolute necessity for the humanity. This day is nearer everyday that passes. In turn during this critical time it becomes valuable like gold the expertise of researchers who have already some experience in research and development of the "Oscillatory Chamber". Therefore I personally would recommend to everyone who has access to appropriate prototyping capabilities and to ability to carry out laboratory research, to join these researchers who already work on the development of the "Oscillatory Chamber". An investment of the interests in this extraordinary accumulator of energy surely one day must turn to be hugely beneficial.

Table F1 english - The utilization of Oscillatory Chamber

Listed are examples of present devices for conversion of energy which in the not-too-distant future will be replaced by twin-chamber capsules due to the multidimensional energy-transformation capabilities of the Oscillatory Chamber.

                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Tabelle F1 - The utilization of Oscillatory Chamber
Nr.The device utilizing the Oscillatory ChamberKind of energyPrinciples of operation
SuppliedObtaines
1.ElectromagnetElectric currentMagnetic fieldElectric energy supplied to the chamber will be transformed into a magnetic field.
2.HeizerElectric currentHeatHot gas from the chamber will be circulated through a radiator
3.ElektrikmotorElectric currentMechanical motionWaves of controlles magnetic fields produced by a set of chambers will cause a mechanical motion of conductive elements.
4.TransformerElectric currentElectric current of different parametersTwo chambers of different working parameters exchange energy through their magnetic fields (utilizing a phase shift in their pulsations).
5.Combustion engineHeatMechanical motionHeating of the gas in the chamber provides energy which is then consumed in the process of producing a mechanical motion.
6.Electricity generatorHeatElectricityGas filling the chamber circulates through a heat exchanger. Energy supplied in the form og heat is converted into an electrical charge and then withdraw as an electric current.
7.GeneratorMechanical motionElectricityMoving one chamber towards another changes the interactions of their magnetic fields, providing them with energy which can be withdraw.

Figure F1

Fig. F1.
The evolution of the Oscillatory Chamber. Three parts of this diagram show the gradual transformation of a Henry's oscillatory circuit with a spark gap into an Oscillatory Chamber.


a) The conventional form of an oscillatory circuit with a spark gap, as it was discovered by J. Henry in 1845. Its three vital elements (i.e. capacitance "C1", inductance "L" and spark gap "E") are provided by three separate devices, i.e.: a capacitor, a coil, and a pair of electrodes.

b) The modified version of the oscillatory circuit with a spark gap. All three vital elements are concentrated in one device, i.e. a couple of conductive electrodes "PF" and "PB" joined to the inner surfaces of the two opposite walls of a cubical chamber made of an electric insulator. Both electrodes "PF" and "PB" in turn are subdivided into several separate segments "1, 2, ..., p". In the real chambers these segments will be reduced to thin conductive needles insulated from each other. The side dimension of the cube is marked by "a".

c) The Oscillatory Chamber formed by combining together two modified oscillatory circuits "C1" and "C2" identical to that presented in part b) of this diagram. The consecutive appearance of sparks labelled as "SR-L", "SF-B", "SL-R", "SB-F" oscillating along the surface of the left-side walls creates a kind of electric arc circulating around the inner perimeter of this chamber and producing a strong magnetic field.

Figure F2

Fig. F2.
The illustration that justifies the use of needle-shaped electrodes in the construction of Oscillatory Chambers. The diagram shows an overhead view at two versions of the Oscillatory Chambers during their operation. In both chambers streams of sparks are in the process of jumping along the indicated paths from electrodes marked as "R" (right) to electrodes marked as "L" (left). Because of the strong magnetic field prevailing along the vertical axis "m", the jumping sparks are pushed towards the wall with electrodes marked as "F" (front). This pushing causes that in the chambers utilizing the plate-shaped electrodes (see the chamber "a") instead of desired path (s') sparks take the line of least resistance (s") passing through the front plates "F". But these "short-cuts" are impossible in the chambers with needle-shaped electrodes (see the chamber "b") where the sharp tips of needles repel the sparks making impossible their entering the electrodes "F" and passing through them.


Figure F3

Fig. F3.
The assumed appearance of the Oscillatory Chambers of the first a), second b), and the third generation c) - see also Figure S6. It will look like a plain glass cube or a regular crystal. Streaks of bright shimmering sparks of golden colour will run horizontally around the inner surfaces of it's side walls. These sparks will look as if frozen in their positions, although from time to time they will rapidly move their plots like a knot of snakes writhing around their prey. Therefore the operational chamber will give an impression of a living creature preoccupied with some mysterious activity. The broken lines indicate the column of produced magnetic field distributed along the "m" axis. When viewed from the direction perpendicular to the magnetic field force lines (i.e. exactly as it is illustrated in the above diagram) this column will trap the light and thus it should be seen by the naked eye as a black bar extending in both directions from the chamber - see the description of such bars presented in subsection F10.4 /?/. Also this field should cause the inside of the chamber to be non-transparent. Therefore the chamber should look as if it is filled with black smoke. If viewed along the magnetic field force lines, the passage through the chamber should be transparent, except for the cases presented in Figure F6.


a) The cubical Oscillatory Chamber of the first generation. b) The octagonal Oscillatory Chamber of the second generation. c) The sixteen-sided Oscillatory Chamber of the third generation.

Figure F4

Fig. F4.
The mutual neutralization of the electro-magnetic forces acting in the Oscillatory Chamber. The mechanism of this neutralization utilizes Coulomb's electrostatic forces and the deflecting electromagnetic forces simultaneously tensing and compressing the chamber in two opposite directions, thus cancelling each other's action.


a) The four basic phases of operation of the Oscillatory Chamber. Symbols: R, L, F, B - the right, left, front and back electrodes of the chamber that together form two cooperating oscillatory circuits; SR-L, SF-B, SL-R, SB-F - the four streams of electric sparks that appear in succession during a single cycle of oscillations, thus forming one complete rotation of the square arc (the active sparks are marked with a continuous line, whereas the inertial sparks with a broken line).

b) The changes in the potential of the electrodes during a full cycle of the chamber's operation. Symbols: T - period of pulsation; t - time; +q, -q - positive and negative electric charges accumulated on electrodes. Note that the Coulomb's mutual attraction of opposite charges accumulated on the facing walls will produce forces which will tense the chamber into the inward direction.

c) The changes in the electro-magnetic deflecting forces (M) acting on particular electric sparks. These forces try to stretch the chamber into the outward direction.

d) The changes in the tensing forces (T) and the compressing forces ("C") that mutually neutralize each other. The tensing forces (T) are produced by the electro-magnetic containment interactions occurring between the sparks and the magnetic field that fills the chamber. The compressing forces ("C") are caused by the reciprocal Coulombs attraction of the opposite electric charges accumulated on the facing plates.

Note that both groups of these forces have a symmetrical course but opposite value. This is why they cancel each other's action.

Figure F5

Fig. F5.
The "twin-chamber capsule". This is the basic arrangement of two Oscillatory Chambers, formed to increase their controllability. The twin-chamber capsule is formed from two oppositely oriented chambers placed one inside the other. Because of the need for free floating of the inner (I) chamber suspended inside of the outer (O) one, the side edges "a" of


both Oscillatory Chambers must meet the equation: ao=ai√3 (see equation F9). The resultant magnetic flux ("R") yield to the environment from these arrangements is obtained as a difference between outputs from chambers having opposite orientation of poles. The principles of forming this resultant flux are illustrated in Figure F7. The twin-chamber capsule allows full control over all the attributes of the produced magnetic field. The subjects of control are the following properties of the resultant flux ®: (1) strength of the field (fluently controlled from zero to maximum), (2) Period (T) or frequency (f) of pulsations, (3) ratio of the amplitude of the field's pulsations to its constant component (∆F/Fo - see Figure F12), (4) character of the field (i.e. constant, pulsating, alternating), (5) variation in time (i.e. linear, sinusoidal, beat-type curves), (6) polarity (i.e. from whichever side of the arrangement the N and S poles prevail). Symbols: O - outer chamber, I - inner chamber, C - circulating flux trapped inside the capsule, R - resultant flux yield from the capsule to the environment.

Figure F6

Fig. F6.
Differences in visual appearance of twin-chamber capsules. Illustrated are capsules that operate in two opposite modes called: a) the INNER flux prevalence, and b) the OUTER flux prevalence. Because a strong magnetic field produced in both capsules is translucent only when observed along the field force lines, the curved force lines of circulating flux ("C") are nontransparent to the outside observer and thus must be seen as black bars (compare the description from subsection G10.4 with Figure F6).


a) The capsule with the inner flux prevalence. The resultant flux ® is produced here by the inner chamber (I), whereas the entire output of the outer chamber (O) is turned into the circulating flux ("C"). Therefore in this capsule the space between the inner and outer chamber is impenetrable to light and appears as a totally blackened area.

b) The capsule with the outer flux prevalence. The resultant flux ("R") is produced here by the outer chamber (O). The inner chamber (I) supplies only the circulating flux ("C") that entirely curves itself back into the outer chamber. Therefore in this capsule the cross area of the inner chamber is totally blackened.

Figure F7

Fig. F7.
Principle of combining together the outputs from both chambers of the twin-chamber capsule into the resultant flux "FR". The case of producing the resultant flux whose variation in time reflects a beat-type curve is considered. The outer chamber produces the greater flux "FN" whose variation in time (determined at its north, "N" pole) is represented by the curve "Fo". The inner chamber has the opposite polar orientation - see Figures F5 and F6 b). Therefore in the direction where the north, "N" pole of the outer chamber "O" prevails, the inner one "I" extends its south, "S" pole. The variation in time of the output "FS" from this inner chamber "I" is represented by the curve "FI". If two fluxes "Fo" and "FI" of the opposite polarity are combined together, the resultant flux "FR" represents the difference in their values: FR = Fo - FI. This difference of fluxes is yield outside the twin-chamber capsule forming resultant flux "FR". The entire output "FI" of the inner chamber remains trapped inside of the capsule as the circulating flux "C" that circulates internally between the inner and outer chambers. Note that in further deductions the shape of the resultant beat-type curve "FR" is roughly represented by pulsing curves containing the constant component "FO" and the pulsating component "∆F" - see also Figures F12 and G29.


The "spider configurations" (see Figure F9) produce their resultant flux in an almost identical manner to the one described above.

Figure F8-2s     Figure F8-2io     Figure F8-3s     Figure F8-3io

Fig. F8.
Twin-chamber capsules of the second and third generations. Their most important application are propulsors of the discoidal Magnocraft and personal propulsion systems of the second and third generations. Illustrated are:


(2s) A side view of a twin-chamber capsule of the second generation. It is composed of 2 oscillatory chambers having octagonal cross-section, i.e. a smaller inner chamber (I) and a larger outer chamber (O). Compare this Figure with Figures F5 and F6.

(2i) A top view of a twin-chamber capsule of the second generation operating in the mode of inner flux prevalence.

(2o) A top view of a twin-chamber capsule of the second generation that operate in the mode of outer flux prevalence.

(3s) A side view of a twin-chamber capsule of the third generation. It is composed of 2 oscillatory chambers with 16-sided cross section, i.e. inner (I) and outer (O).

(3i) A top view of a twin-chamber capsule of the third generation operating in the mode of inner flux prevalence.

(3o) A top view of the twin-chamber capsule of the third generation operating in the mode of outer flux prevalence.

Figure F9

Fig. F9.
A standard arrangement of five Oscillatory Chambers, called the "spider configuration" of the first generation. This configuration is mainly used as a propulsor for the four-propulsor spacecraft - see Figure D1. It is formed from five Oscillatory Chambers having the same cross area. The four cubical side chambers (marked U, V, W and X) surround the oppositely oriented main chamber (marked M) which is four times longer. The total volume of all four side chambers must be equal to the volume of the main one. This arrangement is the simplified model of the Magnocraft's propulsion system. The resultant magnetic flux ("R") yield to the environment from the spider configuration is obtained as a difference between outputs from the main chamber and the oppositely oriented side chambers. The principles of forming this resultant flux are similar to those illustrated in Figure F7. The spider configuration, similar to the twin-chamber capsule, also allows full control over all the attributes of the produced magnetic field. But in addition, the spider configuration can spin the produced field around its magnetic axis "m" thus producing its own magnetic whirl. Its main drawback in comparison to the twin-chamber capsule is the lack of ability to complete "extinguish" the magnetic field yield to the environment (even if the entire output of this configuration is bound into the circulating flux ("C"), still this flux will circulate via the environment).


Figure F10-1s     Figure F10-1t

Fig. F10.
The prototype spider configuration of the first generation. It is composed solely out of oscillatory chambers of the cubical shape. Therefore, it is going to be build as our first configuration of oscillatory chambers that can be effectively controlled. This prototype configuration is to be used a long time before the first twin-chamber capsule shown in Figure F5 can be developed. It is also to be used a long time before the first standard spider configuration shown in Figure F9 is going to be pieced together. (The reason is that the completion of the first twin-chamber capsule is going to require a priory finding a technical solution for a complex problem of controlling the free-floating inner chamber. In turn the completion of the first standard spider configuration from Figure F9, is going to require the developing of main chamber (M), the height of which is four times longer than the width of its sides.) In the initial stage of building our vehicles with magnetic propulsion, the prototype spider configuration shown above is going to be assembled even in propulsors of a discoidal Magnocraft - see stage (1A) in the classification from subsection M6. The principle of operation of this prototype configuration is identical to the principle of standard configuration from Figure F9. The only difference depends on the formation of two magnetic waves instead of a single one. This prototype configuration is easy to recognise by its discoidal shape, in which the width G = 2A is twice of the height H=A. The dimensions illustrated include: A = 2a - the length of side walls in the main oscillatory chamber (M), a = (1/2)A - the length of side walls in side oscillatory chambers (U, V, W, Z), H = A - the height of the entire configuration, D and d - diameters of circles circumscribed over face walls of the main and side oscillatory chambers.


(1s) A side view of the entire configuration. The filler substance is blackened. (1t) A top view of the entire configuration.

Figure F11-2s     Figure F11-2t     Figure F11-3s     Figure F11-3t

Fig. F11.
Spider configurations of the second and third generations. Their major application is the propulsor in four-propulsor Magnocraft of the second and third generations (see Figure D1). (At the initial stage, just after they are completed, they can also be applied in propulsors of discoidal Magnocraft.) The following dimensions are interpreted: A, a, D, d, H, h, G. This Figure illustrates:


(2t) An overhead view of spider configuration of the second generation. This configuration is composed of 9 oscillatory chambers with octagonal cross-section, namely composed of one main (M) oscillatory chamber and eight (U, V, W, X) side oscillatory chambers that form two magnetic waves. The unused space (filling) is blackened.

(2s) A side view of spider configuration of the second generation. (Compare this Figure with Figure F10.)

(3t) An overhead view of spider configuration of the third generation. This configuration is composed of 17 oscillatory chambers with 16-sides cross section, namely composed of one main chamber (M) and 16 side chambers (U, V, W, X) that form four magnetic waves. Notice that for this configuration A = 4a.

(3s) A side view of spider configuration of the third generation. Notice that for this configuration H = h.

Figure F12

Fig. F12.
The curve of the "interactions in equilibrium" between the magnetic field produced by a twin-chamber capsule or a spider configuration and all the ferromagnetic objects found in the range of this field. As it is known, the constant magnetic fields attract ferromagnetic objects. Therefore all fields in which the constant (Fo) component dominates over their pulsating (∆F) component must attract ferromagnetic objects. The parameters of fields whose constant component dominates lie under the curve from this diagram. It is also known that pulsating magnetic fields repel all conductive (ferromagnetic) objects found in their range. So the fields which the pulsating component (∆F) dominates over the constant one (Fo) will cause the repulsion of all ferromagnetic objects. The fields with the dominating pulsating component (∆F) lie above the curve from this Figure. For the parameters of fields lying exactly at the curve, the attraction and repulsion components mutually neutralize each other. Thus such fields neither attract nor repel any ferromagnetic objects in their vicinity. These fields behave more like an "antigravity field" than a magnetic one.


The frame contains the interpretation of all the involved parameters of the pulsating magnetic fields.

Figure F13a     Figure F13b

Fig. F13. Photographs of the experimental Oscillatory Chamber and related devices constructed by a Polish hobbyist. The prototype of his chamber still requires further perfecting to become a powerful magnetic field producing device, and it may take many years before the first chambers will be deployed. But his undisputable achievement is to demonstrate that the principles of the Oscillatory Chamber are valid and completable in a technical manner, and to pave the way for further more advanced research. The secret of success with building the above chamber lies in the introduction of needle-shaped electrodes that replaced the square plates shown in Figure F1 "b" (these needle-shaped electrodes are shown in Figure F2), and in the appropriate shaping of electric impulses that produce the sparks. He acquired the idea of such needle-shaped electrodes from ancient descriptions of gold nails driven through the wooden walls of the Ark of the Covenant.

(Upper  a) His model photographed in darkness. It reveals the fascinating appearance of streams of rotating electric sparks. This photograph was taken in May 1987.

(Lower  b) The hobbyist and his experimental station. The station is composed of: a) one of his prototypes of the chamber, b) an impulse generator (of his own construction) that supplies electric power, c) a deflecting electromagnet, and d) the measuring equipment. Photographed in August 1989.

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